How to make the most current version of git available on macOS

macOS and Xcode are always a few releases behind the currently available version of git. There are just a few simple things you need to do in order to rectify this inequity. If you are reading this then you are probably already familiar with the git CLI commands, but just to be sure:

  • check the version of git
ewilson$ git version
git version 2.9.3 (Apple Git-75)
  • check to see where git is being executed from
ewilson$ which git

If your system looks like this then you'll need to modify your .bash_profile (if you run bash - or modify the profile file for your corresponding shell). Since I am going to use homebrew for the new git install I need to make sure the path of the new executable (brew installs in /usr/local/bin) comes before the macOS version which is typically located in /usr/bin. Thusly:

export PATH=/usr/local/bin:$PATH

Now all that's left is to install git and you are golden

ewilson$ brew install git
Updating Homebrew...
==> Auto-updated Homebrew!
Updated 1 tap (homebrew/core).
==> New Formulae
==> Updated Formulae

==> Downloading
######################################################################## 100.0%
==> Pouring git-2.10.2.sierra.bottle.1.tar.gz
==> Caveats
Bash completion has been installed to:

zsh completion has been installed to:

Emacs Lisp files have been installed to:
==> Summary
🍺/usr/local/Cellar/git/2.10.2: 1,445 files, 31.8M

Now when you run git version you should see the latest and greatest

ewilson$ git version
git version 2.10.2

Awesome. To keep things up to date all you'll need to do is run brew upgrade

brew upgrade git

Don't forget to update any tools or IDEs that you may have been using to make sure that they now point at your shiny new version of git.

How to fix golang "unrecognized import path"

Recently when trying to run go get I ran into the the following error:

ewilson$ go get
package crypto/md5: unrecognized import path "crypto/md5" (import path does not begin with hostname)

After some trial and error (and a few conflicting opinions) I chose to unset my $GOROOT environment variable. Apparently when you compile go (I use brew for most installations) the correct $GOROOT value becomes embedded in the go tool. When you set it manually you can end up conflicting with the correct setting.

You may actually need to run the unset command as once a variable is set it may only be unset by using the unset command.

ewilson$ unset GOROOT


How to stop macOS Mail app from saving multiple drafts to Gmail

I was having a niggling issue when bouncing back and forth between the macOS Mail app and the web interface of Gmail. If I started composing an email in Mail I found that when I went to view the inbox via the Gmail web interface I was presented with a litany of (mostly) empty Draft messages. Annoying.

There was a simple solution which I found in Mail's Account Preferences. It is thus:

  1. Fire up Mail
  2. Go to Preferences...
  3. Select Accounts tab
  4. Select Gmail IMAP account
  5. Select Mailbox Behaviors 
  6. Uncheck "Store draft messages on the server"
  7. Save
  8. Life and your inbox are in harmony once again

The account preferences for draft messages should look like the following:

How to password protect a zip file in Mac OSX

For some reason there is no way (as of the date of this writing) to right click, zip and password protect a file in OSX. So we have to go to the Terminal app, or my preference - iTerm2.

I like to launch pretty much everything in OSX by using the shortcut/hotkey: Command + Space bar. This will open the Spotlight Search bar for you. Type “Terminal” in Spotlight, then double-click on Terminal (or select it and press the enter key) to open it. Alternatively, you can go to Finder, scroll down to “Utilities,” and then select “Terminal” from the Utilities programs folder.

In the Terminal window you'll have to navigate to the location of the file you want to zip. Once there type:

zip –e name_of_zip_file_to_create name_of_file_to_zip
  • The “-e” flag means create an encrypted zip file.
  • The first file name is what you want the zipped file to be called.
  • The second file name is the folder or file you want to zip.


Erics-MBP:~ ewilson$ cd Desktop/
Erics-MBP:Desktop ewilson$ zip -e wilson.pdf
Enter password:
Verify password:
adding: wilson.pdf (deflated 4%)

As you can see the archive utility will ask you to enter a password twice. Complete this step and you'll have successfully password protected you zip file.

How to shut down VirtualBox / Vagrant from CLI

So you need to stop one or more running VirtualBox instances that you may have started and are hanging around. Here are a few helpful commands:

List all running machines (returns name and UUID)
VBoxManage list runningvms

Stop running VMs by "hibernating" them (recommended to avoid data loss)
VBoxManage controlvm <name|uuid> savestate

Poweroff running VMs (not recommended because we may lose data in the guest)
VBoxManage controlvm <name|uuid> poweroff

Use ACPI in an ACPI-aware guest OS (preferable to poweroff for graceful shutdown of guests)
VBoxManage controlv m <name|uuid> acpipowerbutton